Taiwan Independence Movement

Taiwan independence movement is a political goal of renaming the Republic of China or ROC and which is now known under the name of Taiwan, the Republic of Taiwan or the State of Taiwan. Another purpose of this political movement is to create a Taiwanese national identity and to reject the unification of Taiwan with the People’s Republic of China.

The movement has been received with both support and opposition. The support is mostly provided by the Pan-Green Coalition in Taiwan and mostly opposed by the Pan-Blue Coalition. The later is seeking to retain the rather ambiguous status of the ROC which is a result of the 1992 consensus. On the other hand, in the Pan-Blue coalition supports a gradual reunification with mainland China, at some point in time that is not mentioned. The PRC is however claiming sovereignty over Taiwan and this is believed that a potential declaration of independence of the ROC may lead to a military confrontation between the two. Internationally, this potential conflict is seen very dangerous as some believe it could escalate into evolving other countries such as Japan and the United States and probably some others as well.

On the other hand, the actual use of independence of the ROC is rather ambiguous. According to some claims, some supporters articulate that they agree to an independent Taiwan but this may mean either formally creating an independent Republic of Taiwan or that the notion that the ROC is synonymous with the PRC and is already in an independent position. Both of these claims are however contrary to the PRC vision of the situation. Historically, Taiwan was taken over by the army of the ROC at the end of the Second World War and its status with regards to its independence is a controversial issue in Cross-Strait relations.